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SubjectsFeminist Theory and Politics / Gender / Gender and History / Gender and Politics / Gender, Equity, Diversity / Gender, Sexuality, and Women's Studies / Race, Ethnicity, and Marginality / Research Theory and Methods / Sexual Diversity / Sociology / Sociology of Gender and Sexuality / Trans Studies / Woman Abuse and Domestic Violence
Print ISBN: 9780889615915
Gender and Women’s Studies provides an essential introduction to key issues, approaches, and concerns of the field. This comprehensive anthology celebrates a diversity of influential feminist thought on a broad range of topics using analyses sensitive to the intersections of gender, race, class, ability, age, and sexuality. Drawing on contemporary and classic pieces, the carefully selected and edited readings centre Indigenous, racialized, disabled, and queer voices. With over sixty percent new content, this thoroughly updated second edition contains infographics and original activist artwork; a new section on gender, migration, and citizenship; and new chapters on sex work as labour, the politics of veiling, trans and queer identities, Indigenous sovereignty, decolonization, masculinity, online activism, and contemporary social justice movements including Black Lives Matter and Idle No More. Concerned with the past, present, and future of gender identity, gendered representations, feminism, and activism, this book is an indispensable resource for students in gender and women’s studies classrooms across Canada and the United States.
- sixty percent new content featuring diverse authors and issues
- multiple genres and styles to engage students: scholarly articles, interviews, fact sheets, reports, blog posts, poetry, artwork, and personal narratives
- includes Canadian, North American, Indigenous, and global content
Table of Contents
Introduction: Mapping the Terrain
of Gender and Women’s Studies 1
|| PART 1: FOUNDATIONS: WHY GENDER AND WOMEN’S STUDIES? WHY FEMINISM? || 15
Part 1A: This Is What a Feminist Looks Like 16 CHAPTER 1: Excerpts from Feminism Is for Everybody, bell hooks 16 CHAPTER 2: What’s Feminism Done (For Me) Lately?, Victoria L. Bromley 20 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 1: Bad Feminist Manifesto, Roxane Gay 35 CHAPTER 3: Anishinaabe-kwe and/or Indigenous Feminist?, Wanda Nanibush 37 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 2:15 Indigenous Feminists to Know, Read, and Listen To, Abaki Be SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 3:Activist Insight: Alice Walker (1944–) 45 CHAPTER 4: The Historical Case for Feminism, Estelle Freedman 46 CHAPTER 5: This Is What a Feminist Looks Like, Shira Tarrant 51
Part 1B: Diversity and Intersectionality 57 CHAPTER 6: Why Intersectionality Can’t Wait, Kimberlé Crenshaw 57 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 4:The Dangers of a Single Story, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie 60 CHAPTER 7: The Myth of Shared Womanhood and How It Perpetuates Inequality, Mia McKenzie 62 CHAPTER 8: Intersectional Feminist Frameworks: A Primer, Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW) 65 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 5: Conceptualizing Intersectionality 70 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 6: Activist Insight: Sojourner Truth (1797–1883) 72 CHAPTER 9: Reformulating the Feminist Perspective: Giving Voice to Women with Disabilities, Neita Kay Israelite and Karen Swartz 75
Part 1C: Accounting for Inequalities 83 CHAPTER 10: The Question of Gender, Raewyn Connell and Rebecca Pearse 83 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 7: Because It’s 2016!, Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA) 90 CHAPTER 11: Conceptual Guide to the Unpaid Work Module, Marion Werner, Leah F. Vosko, Angie Deveau, Giordana Pimentel, and Deatra Walsh, with past contributions from Abetha Mahalingam, Nancy Zukewich, Krista Scott-Dixon, Megan Ciurysek, and Vivian Ngai 96 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 8: Unpaid Work: A Global View 104
|| PART 2: CONSTRUCTIONS OF SEX AND GENDER || 107
Part 2A: The Construction of Sexed Bodies 109 CHAPTER 12: Introduction to Beyond the Natural Body, Nelly Oudshoorn 109 ACTIVIST ART 1: Assigned Male, Sophie Labelle 114 CHAPTER 13: How the Practice of Sex-Testing Targets Female Olympic Athletes, Kate Allen 115 CHAPTER 14: Contesting Intersex, Georgiann Davis 121 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 9: Defining Genitals: Who Will Make Room for the Intersexed? 130 CHAPTER 15: Dueling Dualisms, Anne Fausto-Sterling 132
Part 2B: The Making of “Difference” and Inequalities 144 CHAPTER 16: Women’s Brains, Stephen Gould 144 CHAPTER 17: Freaks and Queers, Eli Clare 149 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 10: Imagining Disability Futures, Alison Kafer 163 ACTIVIST ART 2: Alison Lapper Pregnant, Marc Quinn 167 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 11: On Race and Racism 169 CHAPTER 18: Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving?, Lila Abu-Lughod 172 ACTIVIST ART 3: Technicolor Muslimah, Saba Taj 182
Part 2C: Gender Construction and Performativity 184 CHAPTER 19: X: A Fabulous Child’s Story, Lois Gould 184 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 12: Understanding Masculinities: The Work of Raewyn Connell 190 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 13: It’s the Masculinity, Stupid!, Jackson Katz and Jeremy Earp CHAPTER 20: Gender in Personal Life, Raewyn Connell and Rebecca Pearse 196 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 14: Transfeminist Terms and Concepts, A. Finn Enke 206 CHAPTER 21: Between the Village and the Village People: Negotiating Community, Ethnicity, and Safety in Gender Fluid Parenting, May Friedman 210 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 15: Men and Feminism, The White Ribbon Campaign 217 CHAPTER 22: Troubling Genders, Subverting Identities: An Interview with Judith Butler, Vasu Reddy and Judith Butler 220
Part 2D: The Construction of Sexuality 226 CHAPTER 23: Becoming 100 Percent Straight, Michael A. Messner 226 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 16: The Heterosexual Questionnaire, Martin Rochlin 233 CHAPTER 24: The Ethics of Genetic Research on Sexual Orientation, Udo Schüklenk, Edward Stein, Jacinta Kerin, and William Byne 235 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 17: Homophobia, Heterosexism, and Heteronormativity 241 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 18: The “Fruit Machine,” Sherry Aske and Trevor Pritchard 244 CHAPTER 25: Loving Women in the Modern World, Leila J. Rupp 246 CHAPTER 26: “Stand Up” for Exclusion? Queer Pride, Ableism, and Inequality, Danielle Peers and Lindsay Eales 257
|| PART 3: GENDERED IDENTITIES || 261
Part 3A: Thinking about Difference and Identity 262 CHAPTER 27: Stereotyping As a Signifying Practice, Stuart Hall 262 CHAPTER 28: Undoing the “Package Picture” of Cultures, Uma Narayan 265 ACTIVIST ART 4: Miss Canadiana, Camille Turner 268 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 19: How to Know If You Are White, Mia McKenzie 270 CHAPTER 29: Women’s Experience of Racism: How Race and Gender Interact, Marika Morris, Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW) 272 CHAPTER 30: The Hall of Shame: Lies, Masks, and Respectful Femininity, Amita Handa 282 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 20: Activist Insight: Franchesca Ramsey on Microaggressions and Being an Ally 290
Part 3B: Histories and Legacies of Colonialism and Imperialism 291 CHAPTER 31: The Secret of Slavery in Canada, Afua Cooper 291 ACTIVIST ART 5: You Are My Sunshine, Wangechi Mutu 303 CHAPTER 32: Black Women Rage, Wendy Brathwaite 305 CHAPTER 33: The Construction of a Negative Identity, Kim Anderson 307 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 21: Colonization and the Indian Act 319 ACTIVIST ART 6: Indian Act, Nadia Myre 323 CHAPTER 34: Regulating Native Identity by Gender, Bonita Lawrence 325 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 22: Colonization and Residential Schools 334 ACTIVIST ART 7: Anishinaabe-kwe’s Resilience, Shirley Ida Williams née Pheasant 336
Part 3C: Indigenous Women: Resistance and Resurgence 338 CHAPTER 35: Nishnaabeg Resurgence: Stories from Within, Leanne Betasamosake Simpson 338 CHAPTER 36: The Braiding Histories Stories, Susan D. Dion and Michael R. Dion 349 CHAPTER 37: The Cattle Thief (1894), E. Pauline Johnson 355 CHAPTER 38: I Am Not Your Princess (1988), Chrystos 358 CHAPTER 39: “You Can’t Change the Indian Act?,” Shirley Bear with the Tobique Women’s Group 361 CHAPTER 40: The Eagle Has Landed: Native Women, Leadership, and Community Development, Sylvia Maracle 373
|| PART 4: CULTURAL REPRESENTATIONS AND BODY POLITICS || 381
Part 4A: Cultural Representations and the Creation of Desire 383 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 23: Gender Play: Marketing to Girls, Sharon Lamb, Lyn Mikel Brown, and Peggy Orenstein 383 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 24: Ways of Seeing, John Berger 386 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 25: “Eating the Other”: Desire and Resistance, bell hooks 388 CHAPTER 41: Postfeminist Media Culture: Elements of a Sensibility, Rosalind Gill 390 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 26: Disney’s Version of Girlhood, Sharon Lamb and Lyn Mikel Brown 401 CHAPTER 42: The Trouble with White Feminism: Whiteness, Digital Feminism, and the Intersectional Internet, Jessie Daniels 404 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 27: Activist Insight: Suey Park #NotYourAsianSidekick 414
Part 4B: Regulating Bodies and Desires 417 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 28: If Men Could Menstruate: A Political Fantasy, Gloria Steinem 417 CHAPTER 43: Why Is America So Obsessed with Virginity?, Anastasia Kousakis and Jessica Valenti 419 ACTIVIST ART 8: CLITERACY, 100 Natural Laws and Άδάμας (unconquerable), Sophia Wallace 424 CHAPTER 44: The Facilities, Ivan Coyote 426 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 29: The New Sex Ed, Forward Together 429
Part 4C: Beauty Projects: Conformity and Resistance 432 CHAPTER 45: Through the Mirror of Beauty Culture, Carla Rice 432 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 30: Activist Insight: Intersectional Body Activism 450 CHAPTER 46: Body Beautiful/Body Perfect: Where Do Women with Disabilities Fit In?, Francine Odette 451
Part 4D: Politics of Health: From Medicalization to Health Care Reform 454 CHAPTER 47: The Women’s Health Movement in Canada: Looking Back and Moving Forward, Madeline Boscoe, Gwynne Basen, Ghislaine Alleyne, Barbara Bourrier-Lacroix, and Susan White of the Canadian Women’s Health Network 454 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 31: Activist Insight: Our Bodies Ourselves 463 CHAPTER 48: Women, Disability, and the Right to Health, Paula C. Pinto 465 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 32: Understanding the Social Determinants of Health 476 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 33: How Sexism and Racism Determine Health 478 CHAPTER 49: First Peoples, Second Class Treatment, Billie Allan and Janet Smylie 480 CHAPTER 50: HIV/AIDS, Globalization, and the International Women’s Movement, Sisonke Msimang 490
Part 4E: Reproductive Rights and Justice 495 CHAPTER 51: The Women Are Coming: The Abortion Caravan, Judy Rebick 495 CHAPTER 52: The Coercive Sterilization of Aboriginal Women in Canada, Karen Stote 502 CHAPTER 53: Debating Feminist Futures: Slippery Slopes, Cultural Anxiety, and the Case of the Deaf Lesbians, Alison Kafer 513 CHAPTER 54: A Primer on Reproductive Justice and Social Change, Loretta Ross, Rickie Solinger, and the Population and Development Program at Hampshire College 525 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 34: Reproductive Rights around the World 531
Part 4F: Gender Violence 535 CHAPTER 55: Toronto and the Runaway Wives, Margo Goodhand 535 CHAPTER 56: The Ultimate Rape Victim, Jane Doe 541 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 35: Activist Insight: 10 Things Men Can Do to Prevent Gender Violence, Jackson Katz 547 CHAPTER 57: Digital Defense: Black Feminists Resist Violence with Hashtag Activism, Sherri Williams 549 CHAPTER 58: More Than a Poster Campaign: Redefining Colonial Violence, Sarah Hunt 552 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 36: Murders and Disappearances of Aboriginal Women and Girls, Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA) 555 ACTIVIST ART 9: Walking With Our Sisters 556 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 37: Every Class in Every School, Catherine Taylor and Tracey Peter 558
|| PART 5: GENDERING GLOBALIZATION, MIGRATION, AND ACTIVISM || 561
Part 5A: Gender and Global Restructuring 563 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 38: What Is Neo-Liberal Globalization?, Alison Jaggar 563 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 39: The IMF: Violating Women Since 1945, Kavita Ramdas and Christine Ahn 565 CHAPTER 59: The Gendered Politics and Violence of Structural Adjustment: A View from Jamaica, Faye V. Harrison 569 CHAPTER 60: Women’s Labor Is Never Cheap: Gendering Global Blue Jeans and Bankers, Cynthia Enloe 577 CHAPTER 61: Women behind the Labels: Worker Testimonies from Central America, STITCH and the Maquila Solidarity Network 588 CHAPTER 62: Trump and National Neoliberalism, Sasha Breger Bush 595
Part 5B: Gender, Migration, and Citizenship 599 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 40: No One Is Illegal 599 CHAPTER 63: Undoing Border Imperialism, Harsha Walia and Jo-Anne Lee 601 CHAPTER 64: Immigrant Women in Canada and the United States, Leslie Nichols and Vappu Tyyskä 609 CHAPTER 65: The Door of No Return, Leah Lakshmi Piepzna-Samarasinha 620 CHAPTER 66: Seeking Refuge from Homophobic and Transphobic Persecution, Sharalyn Jordan and Christine Morrissey 622
Part 5C: On (Not) Getting By in North America 626 CHAPTER 67: Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America, Barbara Ehrenreich 626 CHAPTER 68: When Sex Works: Labour Solidarity for Sex Workers Has Come a Long Way, but More Can Be Done, Jenn Clamen and Kara Gillies 637 CHAPTER 69: We Speak for Ourselves: Anti-Colonial and Self-Determined Responses to Young People Involved in the Sex Trade, JJ and Ivo 640 CHAPTER 70: Factsheet: Women and Restructuring in Canada, Deborah Stienstra 644 CHAPTER 71: The Leaner, Meaner Welfare Machine: The Ontario Conservative Government’s Ideological and Material Attack on Single Mothers, Margaret Hillyard Little 652 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 41: Ontario Social Assistance Doesn’t Meet Basic Human Needs, Elaine Power 664 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 42: Homelessness in Canada 666 CHAPTER 72: Fast Facts: Four Things to Know about Women and Homelessness in Canada, Sadie McInnes 667 CHAPTER 73: The Little Voices of Nunavut: A Study of Women’s Homelessness North of 60, Qulliit Nunavut Status of Women Council 670
|| PART 6: ORGANIZING FOR CHANGE || 677
Part 6A: Feminist and Social Justice Movements in North America 678 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 43: Activist Insight: The Idle No More Manifesto, Jessica Gordon and the Founders of Idle No More 678 CHAPTER 74: Idle No More: Indigenous Activism and Feminism, Sonja John 680 CHAPTER 75: How a Black Lives Matter Toronto Co-Founder Sees Canada, Zane Schwartz and Janaya Khan 688 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 44: 9 Ways We Can Make Social Justice Movements Less Elitist and More Accessible, Kai Cheng Thom 692 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 45: A Sense of Place: Expressions of Trans Activism North of Lake Nipissing, Grey Kimber Piitaapan Muldoon, with Dan Irving 697 CHAPTER 76: The Future of Feminism, Judy Rebick 700 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 46: Activist Insight: This Country’s History Cannot Be Deleted, Angela Y. Davis 707
Part 6B: Transnational Feminisms: Challenges and Possibilities 709 CHAPTER 77: Transnational Feminism, Corinne L. Mason 709 CHAPTER 78: Defying, Producing, and Overlooking Stereotypes? The Complexities of Mobilizing “Grandmotherhood” as Political Strategy, May Chazan and Stephanie Kittmer 724 CHAPTER 79: How Young Feminists Are Tackling Climate Justice in 2016, Maria Alejandra Rodriguez Acha 733 ACTIVIST ART 10: Puna Kuakea, Joy Enomoto 737 CHAPTER 80: Feminisms and the Social Media Sphere, Mehreen Kasana 739 SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 47: Feminism without Borders 746 Copyright Acknowledgements 749
“This volume benefits students and instructors alike. The range of topics provides an excellent foundation for students to become quickly involved in the major themes and debates within the field of women’s and gender studies. Working from both a Canadian and an international perspective encourages students to think about not just Canadian women’s and gender issues but also global issues. Attention to race, class, and sexuality is well done and is truly intersectional.”
—Dr. Jennifer Janke, Centre for Women’s and Gender Studies, Brock University
“This is an excellent text that grounds students in the field of gender and women’s studies by offering a wealth of diverse readings. Its attention to histories of colonialism, to the lives of Indigenous women, and to feminism makes it a first-rate companion to an introductory course that attends to the particularities of gender, race, and sexuality.”
—Dr. Ilya Parkins, Gender and Women’s Studies, University of British Columbia
Gender and Women's Studies: Critical Terrain, 2e The Teacher’s Guide follows the order set out in the table of contents of the textbook. Each topic is introduced with learning suggestions under these headings:
- Learning/Unlearning: Provides questions to promote students’ understanding of the material and self-reflection and to guide classroom conversations in ways that are open to difference and promote compassionate but critical dialogues.
- Envisioning Change: Provides questions and in-class activity suggestions to encourage students to apply what they have learned and unlearned. Through reflection and action items, we hope to inspire students about the possibilities for contributing to feminist change, individually and collectively, in their own lives and the broader social world.
- Additional Resources: Includes recommended additional resources for students and instructors, including news articles, activist websites, online blogs, videos, and films. Instructors might find these useful as they plan for their classes. The additional resources do not generally include references for further academic/scholarly articles and books; rather, the focus is on more popular and accessible written and visual material. Note that there are many sites where ideas for film resources are available, including Films for the Feminist Classroom, “an online, open-access journal [that] publishes film reviews that provide a critical assessment of the value of films as pedagogical tools in the feminist classroom” (see http://ffc.twu.edu/ffc_home.html).
Instructors are encouraged to take what they need from the Guide and use the resources in ways that fit with their own orientations to teaching and learning, making changes accordingly. In writing this Guide, our intention is not to prescribe a fixed way of entering into the material. We recognize that each instructor will create their own roadmap through the “critical terrain” of gender and women’s studies.
General Student Resource - Download